How To Install Laravel In Centos 7

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Install Laravel In Centos 7

CentOS 7 is a widely used and stable Linux distribution favored by many developers and system administrators. If you’re looking to set up a Laravel development environment on CentOS 7, you’ve come to the right place. Laravel, a powerful PHP framework, can be the foundation of your web application dreams. In this article, I’ll leverage my over a decade of experience as a SaaS content writer to provide a step-by-step guide on how to install Laravel on CentOS 7.


Before we dive into the installation process, let’s ensure you have all the prerequisites in place:

  • CentOS 7 Server: You need a CentOS 7 server or a virtual machine to host your Laravel application.
  • SSH Access: Ensure you can access your server via SSH for remote administration.
  • Root or Sudo Privileges: You’ll need root or sudo privileges to execute system-level commands.
  • Basic Command Line Skills: Familiarize yourself with basic command-line operations.

Setting Up a CentOS 7 Server

If you haven’t already set up your CentOS 7 server, here’s a brief overview:

  • Download the CentOS 7 ISO image from the official website.
  • Install CentOS 7 on your server or virtual machine following the installation prompts.
  • Make sure you have a network connection to your CentOS 7 server.
  • After the installation, log in with the user you created during the setup or as the root user.

Installing PHP and Composer

Laravel relies on PHP as its core programming language. CentOS 7’s default repositories provide PHP 5.4, which is outdated. To work with Laravel, we need PHP 7.2 or higher. We’ll also install Composer, a PHP dependency manager.

To update PHP and install Composer, follow these steps:

Step 1: Enable the EPEL repository

EPEL (Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux) provides additional packages for CentOS. Use the following command to enable the EPEL repository:

sudo yum install epel-release

Step 2: Install PHP 7.4 and Composer

Run the following commands to install PHP 7.4 and Composer:

sudo yum install php php-cli php-fpm php-json php-common php-mysqlnd php-zip php-gd php-mbstring php-curl php-xml php-pear php-bcmath

Now, you have PHP 7.4 and essential PHP extensions. Let’s proceed to install Composer.

sudo yum install composer

Composer is a vital tool for Laravel as it manages the project’s dependencies efficiently.

Configuring a Database

Laravel supports multiple database systems, but for this guide, we’ll use MySQL, a popular choice. To install MySQL, execute the following commands:

sudo yum install mysql-server
sudo systemctl start mysqld
sudo systemctl enable mysqld

Now, let’s secure your MySQL installation:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

You’ll be prompted to set a root password, remove anonymous users, and more. Follow the on-screen prompts to complete the setup.

Installing Laravel

With PHP, Composer, and MySQL in place, it’s time to install Laravel. Follow these steps:

Step 1: Create a Laravel Project

Navigate to the directory where you want to create your Laravel project. For instance, if you want to create a project named “mylaravelapp,” use the following command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel mylaravelapp

Composer will download Laravel and its dependencies.

Step 2: Configure the Environment

Move to the project directory:

cd mylaravelapp

Rename the .env.example file to .env:

mv .env.example .env

Generate a unique application key:

php artisan key:generate

Your Laravel application is now configured and ready.

Setting Up Virtual Hosts

To serve your Laravel application using a web server like Apache or Nginx, you need to set up virtual hosts. In this example, we’ll use Apache.

Step 1: Install Apache

If you haven’t installed Apache yet, you can do so with the following command:

sudo yum install httpd

Step 2: Configure Virtual Host

Create a new Apache configuration file for your Laravel application:

sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/mylaravelapp.conf

Add the following configuration, replacing /var/www/html/mylaravelapp/public with the actual path to your Laravel project’s public directory:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin webmaster@mylaravelapp
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/mylaravelapp/public
ServerName mylaravelapp
<Directory /var/www/html/mylaravelapp>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Require all granted
</Directory>ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/mylaravelapp-error.log
CustomLog /var/log/httpd/mylaravelapp-access.log common

Save the file and exit the text editor.

Step 3: Enable and Start Apache

Enable Apache to start at boot:

sudo systemctl enable httpd

Start the Apache service:

sudo systemctl start httpd

Testing Laravel Installation

With your Laravel project and web server set up, it’s time to test your installation. Open a web browser and navigate to your server’s IP address or domain name. You should see the Laravel welcome page, confirming a successful installation.

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You’ve successfully installed Laravel on CentOS 7, a robust combination for building web applications. From setting up your CentOS server to configuring PHP, Composer, and MySQL, this guide has covered the essentials. You’ve also learned to create a Laravel project, set up virtual hosts, and test your installation.

Laravel’s elegant syntax and powerful features make it a top choice for web development. With the right environment and knowledge, you can harness its capabilities to build remarkable web applications. Happy coding!

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